Acta Mvsei Porolissensis Vol. XXXVI/2014 

VICTOR-HORAŢIU CIOBANU

ABSTRACT. The text centres upon the cultural heritage of the Sãlaj County Art Museum, placed in Zalãu (Romania), where it took place the discovery of some artistic works that belonged to the private colection of the Austro-Hungarian diplomat Stephen Ugron von Abranfalva, who was one of the most significant art collectors from South-Eastern Europe. During his diplomatic missions, the baron obtained several art masterpieces, which were put in the family thesaurus created at his residence from Zau de Câmpie. According to the 1928 evaluation, the castle owned some Baroque and Academic paintings, litographies with historical subjects taken from the Hungarian national history and some copies of old masters such as Tintoretto, Titian, Rubens or Francois Boucher. At the end of WWII, the castle was confiscated by the Romanian Communist Regime and its heritage was dispersed through several regions of Romania. In the Museum of Zalãu, one can admire 3 landscapes, 2litographies and 17 family portraits which are supposed to be taken from Zau de Câmpie castle. Some of them belonged to Ugron family (there can be identified 5 generations), while others were the property of Janos Bannfy, the last owner of the castle, who took them from the Beaux-Arts Museum of Budapest. The paintings were realised either by local artists (like Matyas Veress) or by some artistic personalities of international recognition. In this case, it has to be remembered Paja Jovanovic (1859–1957), the national painter of Serbia, who executed in 1913 5 portraits of the Ugron family.

KEYWORDS: heritage, collection, Ugron de Ábránfalva, Zau de Câmpie, baroque

REZUMAT. Muzeul Judeţean de Istorie şi Artă-Zalău deţine în patrimoniul său o serie de portrete, peisaje şi litografii care ar putea face parte dintr-una din cele mai mari colecţii de artã din Europa de Sud-Est, cea a baronului István Ugron de Ábránfalva, diplomat de renume al regimului Austro-Ungar. Colecţia a fost depozitatã la castelul acestuia de la Zau de Câmpie şi cuprindea, conform inventarului din 1928, lucrãri ale picturii baroce şi academiste, cãrora li se adãugau reproduceri dupã Tintoretto, Tizian, Rubens şi Francois Boucher. La sfârşitul celui de-al doilea rãzboi mondial, castelul a fost confiscat de comunişti, iar patrimoniul acestuia a fost dispersat în diverse locuri din ţarã. La Zalãu au fost descoperite atât piese din colecţia Ugron (17 portrete ale unor membri de familie, desfãşurate pe fundalul a 5 generaţii), cât şi achiziţii ulterioare fãcute de János Bánnfy (ultimul proprietar al castelului) de la Muzeul de Arte Frumoase din Budapesta. Unele lucrãri sunt pictate de maeştri locali (cum ar fi Mátyás Veress), în vreme ce altele se datoreazã unor figuri de talie internaţionalã, remarcându-se în special Paja Jovanovic (1859–1957), pictorul naţional al Serbiei, care şi-a pus semnãtura pe 5 portrete de familie, datate 1913.

 CUVINTE-CHEIE: patrimoniu, colecţie, Ugron de Ábránfalva, Zau de Câmpie, baroc

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