Acta Mvsei Porolissensis Vol. XXXVI/2014 

IULIA-MARIA PUIE, Materand, Facultatea de Istorie și Filosofie, Universitatea Babes-Bolyai; email: puie.iuliamaria@gmail.com

ABSTRACT: Euthanasia is a subject who has a history as old as the whole mankind. This thing is not surprising if we take in consideration the fact that it concerns one of the most important aspects of the human existance namely, it’s finality, the man’s death. In this situation, is not about a natural closure, the ending of a biological process, but is about an unexpected event, a sharp action of a different person. Despite of the fact that in prezent, the practice of the euthanasia, is a blamed and unaccepted act, it wasn’t always like this. In the Ancient times it was practicated very often and in any social or age category. Like that it were killed all the people who suffered by different malformations, phisical of psichical deasease, even those who were too ald and they couldn’t work to achieve their food. It is very interesting to follow the history of euthanasia from the Ancient times till the present. It has a ciclical evolution and it passed trough all the possible speps, from the acceptance phase to the negation one and after that the prohibition of it, to reach nowdays again it that situation when a lot of people ask for it, and more people are recomanding it.

KEYWORDS: euthanasia, good deatyh, dignity, history, nazism.

REZUMAT: Eutanasia este un subiect cu o istorie la fel de veche precum omenirea. Acest lucru nu este surprinzator avand in vedere faptul ca ea vizeaza unul dintre cele mai importante aspecte ale existentei umane si anume, finalitatea ei, moartea omului. Insa, in aceasta situatie, nu este vorba despre un sfarsit natural, o incherere a unui proces biologic, ci un eveniment brusc, subit si ca o actiune a unei alte persoane. In ciuda faptului ca practicarea eutanasiei, in prezent, in majoritatea statelor este un act blamat si de neacceptat, nu dintotdeauna a existat o atitudine de respingere a ei. In Antichitatea, eutanasia era practicata la scara larga si aplicata tuturor categoriilor sociale sau de varsta. Astfel erau omorati toti cei care sufereau de malformatii, boli mintale sau fizice, chiar si cei care aveau o vârstă înaintată si nu mai putea munci pentru a se intretine. Este foarte interesant de urmărit istoria practicarii eutanasiei din cele mai vechi timpuri pana in prezent. Aceasta a avut o evoluție ciclica si a trecut prin toate etapele posibile, de la faza de acceptare, la cea de negare, apoi interzicere, pentru a ajunge in prezent, din nou, in stadiul in care este tot mai des solicitata si recomandata.

CUVINTE-CHEIE: eutanasie, moarte buna, demnitate, istorie, nazism.

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